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2022年威斯尼斯人娱乐场官方“格致•创新”论坛第30期-卢海舟 教授

发布日期:2022-07-05 作者:物理学院    编辑:夏雪宁    来源:物理学院

主讲人:卢海舟 教授(南方科技大学)

题目:Theories for the 3D Quantum Hall effects

时间:2022年7月11日(周一)上午10:30-12:00

地点:理工楼1226报告厅

邀请人:安钧鸿

报告摘要:

The discovery of the quantum Hall effect has led to three Nobel prizes and the booming field of topological phases of quantum matter. The quantum Hall effect is usually observed in 2D. It has been a long-standing challenge to realize a quantum Hall effect in 3D. We predict a new mechanism of 3D quantum Hall effect in topological semimetals [1-2]. Topological semimetals, which host topologically-protected surface states, known as the Fermi arcs. The Fermi arcs at two opposite surfaces can form a 2D electron gas that supports a 3D quantum Hall effect. Possible signatures are observed in the topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2 [e.g., Faxian Xiu et al., Nature 565, 331 (2019)]. This 3D quantum Hall give an example of (d-2)-dimensional boundary states in higher-order topological phases of matter [3]. On the other hand, the charge-density-wave mechanism of the 3D quantum Hall effect has been observed recently in ZrTe5 [Liyuan Zhang et al., Nature 569, 537 (2019)]. We develop a theory for the CDW mechanism of the 3D quantum Hall effect [4] and coexisting meta-insulator transition [5]. The theories can capture the main features in the experiment. More importantly, it poses a rare case, in which one magnetic field can induce an order-parameter phase transition in one dimension but a topological phase transition in other two dimensions.

References:

[1] C. M. Wang et al., PRL 119, 136806 (2017).

[2] Hai-Zhou Lu, National Science Review 6, 208 (2019).

[3] Rui Chen et al., PRL 127, 066801 (2021).

[4] Fang Qin et al., PRL 125, 206601 (2020).

[5] Peng-Lu Zhao et al., PRL 127, 046602 (2021).

个人简介:

Hai-Zhou Lu obtained his B.Sc from Lanzhou University in 2002 and Ph.D. from Tsinghua University in 2007. From 2007 to 2015, he was a Postdoc and then Research Assistant Professor at the University of Hong Kong. He joined SUSTech in 2015 and now is a Chair Professor of Physics. His research is focused on the quantum transport theories in topological matter. He has more than 100 publications with a google scholar citation over 7000.